Is India Ready To Defend Itself Against Cyber-Attacks?

May 13, 2022

Russian hackers allegedly hacked the power grid in the winter of 2015, knocking down electricity in sections of Ukraine. Is India ready to protect its key infrastructure against cyber-attacks?

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Cyber Security: All You Need To Know About


According to Statista, a business and consumer data provider, over 3.8 thousand government services in India were delivered via the internet in the fiscal year 2021. According to a CLSA report, the value of digital payments in India will nearly triple from $300 billion in FY21 to over $1 trillion in FY26.
According to a Deloitte report, India will have 1 billion smartphone users by 2026. In 2021, the country had 1.2 billion mobile customers, with 750 million of them using smartphones. India had 448 million social media users as of January 2021. According to the DBS Digital Readiness report from 2021, almost 62 percent of large and middle-market enterprises in India are still in the early phases of digitalization.

Cyber Security Services

Is India good at cyber security?

India has just climbed to the tenth position in the United Nations' ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) ranking of countries. It was previously ranked 47. The jump could be due to a variety of factors.

India has come a long way with the growing number of internet users since the country's digital revolution began in 2015. Because of the approaches taken by various bodies such as the Cyber Emergency Response Team joining hands with private players to improve the cyber security status ranging from skilling professionals to adopting new ways to protect the database in recent years, cyber security capabilities have become a national power for India. In the coming year, cyberspace is anticipated to grow even more.

The Indian government is also anticipating the National Cyber Security Strategy, which would enhance cyber awareness and security. The rise in computer attacks as a result of the covid epidemic, as well as current cyber-attacks, could be factors.

According to data from the Computer Emergency Response Team, India had a threefold increase in cybersecurity-related incidents in 2020 compared to 2019, with 1.16 million breaches recorded. In 2021 and 2022, the number of breaches is likely to rise. According to government sources, there were 6,07,220 cybersecurity breaches reported between June 2021 and June 2022.

What is increasing India's cybersecurity risk?

With over 1.15 billion phones and over 700 million internet users, India has become a big pool of digitally vulnerable prey. The epidemic has simply added to the problem by increasing people's reliance on digital tools. The epidemic prompted a greater usage of networked gadgets and hybrid work networks in everything from payments to e-commerce to WFH. As a result, the massive and rapid proliferation of digital assets has increased the surface area available to malevolent actors and adversaries for cyber-attacks. The latest wave of attacks on power systems and financial institutions should serve as a wake-up call to the genuine prospect of very devastating future situations.

Malware, Viruses, Trojans, and spyware are just a few examples of cyber threats. Others include i) Backdoors, which allow remote access, ii) DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service), which floods servers and networks and renders them unusable, and iv) DNS poisoning attacks, which compromise the DNS and redirect websites to malicious sites.

What makes implementing a unified cybersecurity policy so difficult?

One of the most difficult issues for politicians to navigate is the fact that cybersecurity legislation has a lot of changing elements. Whether it's the issue of foreign-made gear and software or the gigabytes of data stored on servers outside India, politicians confront a plethora of roadblocks in developing real policies. Furthermore, the rush to digitize practically every industry has resulted in more collaborations with application service providers. This is done in order to give clients with the greatest apps and services in the shortest period feasible, but due diligence is frequently disregarded in the process. Furthermore, much of the infrastructure that has to be brought under the law is owned by the private sector, making it difficult for politicians to establish regulations that secure the digital environment.

Cyber Security Jobs in India in 2022

1. Network Security Engineer

A network security engineer is an important position in any company. This person ensures the organization's security systems are in place to counter and stop threats. Maintaining systems, finding vulnerabilities, and boosting automation are among their primary responsibilities. They're also in charge of firewalls, routers, switches, network monitoring software, and VPNs (virtual private networks).

A network security engineer's starting salary is Rs 4 lakhs and can rise to Rs 8 lakhs per year.

2. Cyber Security Analyst

A cyber security analyst assists with the planning, implementation, and upgrade of security controls and procedures. They constantly monitor security access and conduct internal and external security audits to guarantee that there are no security flaws. A cyber security analyst is also in charge of vulnerability testing, risk analysis, and security assessments, as well as network management. In addition to these responsibilities, the analyst educates coworkers on security awareness and procedures so that they are aware of the best practices for avoiding security breaches.

A cyber security analyst's annual pay starts at Rs 6 lakhs.

3. Security Architect

A security architect is responsible for creating the company's network and computer security architecture. The security architect assists in the planning, research, and design of security features. A company's security system is vulnerable to attacks without a security architect. The security architect produces a design based on the company's demands before collaborating with the programming team to construct the final structure. They also design firm policies and processes for how their company's personnel should use security systems, as well as decide on punitive action in the event of lapses.

The starting salary for a security architect is Rs 17 lakhs per year.

4. Cyber Security Manager

Cyber security managers are in charge of ensuring that security policies are followed throughout the firm. They develop methods to improve network and Internet security for various projects and supervise a team of IT experts to assure the highest levels of data security. A cyber security manager should also examine existing security rules on a regular basis to ensure that they are current and based on emerging threats. They also examine all servers, switches, routers, and other linked devices on a regular basis to ensure there are no security flaws.

A cyber security manager's average annual compensation starts at Rs 12 lakhs.


 10 most powerful cyber nations in the world

The most powerful cyber countries in the world, according to the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard's Kennedy School, are:

1. United States

2. China

3. United Kingdom

4. Russia

5. Netherlands

6. France

7. Germany

8. Canada

9. Japan

10. Australia

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